Poems for Teaching Imagery in Literature
Your students are bound to need more than the definition of imagery to really get it. Understanding imagery involves interpreting and analyzing the author's purpose for using a specific image or set of images. Here are some excellent poems for high school or middle school students.
ELA Common Core Standards Covered
Teaching imagery in poems may cover the following ELA Common Core Standards. This is for your administrator, not your kids. Kids need student-friendly worded objectives.
- RL.9-10.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
- RL.9-10.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
- RL.9-10.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).
- RL.9-10.10 By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 9-10 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of the grades 9-10 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Teach students how to annotate and analyze a poem before focusing on one specific element. There are multiple levels of understanding imagery. Your lesson plans should incorporate the following:
- The definition of imagery: I thought I was pretty cool in high school because I knew that imagery was the use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas. No one else though I was cool except for my English teacher who gave me an 'A' on my literary terms matching quiz. Then I realized simply knowing a definition means nothing.
- Identifying imagery: Being able to identify imagery raises one above the level of primates, but it still falls short of mastery.
- Interpreting imagery: Explaining why the author chooses a particular image and what effect it has on the poem's theme puts one in the upper echelon of poetry analysts.
- Using imagery: Being able to use imagery to convey more clearly a specific message equates to mastery.
Poems for Teaching Imagery
When teaching imagery in poetry focus on its function. The following examples of poetry using imagery will help.
- "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" by William Wordsworth - Write this poem on the board, identify the images, and comment on how they contribute to the poem's theme. Wordsworth suggests that being one with nature equates to being one with the Universe or God. The first two stanzas are full of images; the final two stanzas contains the poet's reflections about the images.
- "The Eagle" by Alfred Lord Tennyson - This short poem takes 10 seconds to read and 45 minutes to analyze. The first stanza focuses on the harshness of nature. The second stanza focuses on the majesticness of nature. I recommend reading this poem aloud and throwing something (like a thunderbolt) against the wall on the last line. Remind students that authors use imagery in poetry to create a specific feeling.
- "Rocking" by Gabriela Mistral - Mistral uses images of the divine sea and connects them to the rocking of her son. She then connects the image of the sea to the image of God, equating motherhood to godliness.
- "Summer" by Walter Dean Myers - As you've probably guessed, "Summer" describes summer using images of "Bugs buzzin from cousin to cousin," and "Juices dripping running and ripping" (3-5). "Summer" makes a fun poem for young scholars to learn imagery.
- "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe" - Poe's classic serves as an example for just about every element of poetry. Imagery is no exception. Discuss how Poe's images contribute to the ominous setting of the narrative.
- "Eulogy for a Hermit Crab" by Pattiann Rogers - Rogers description of a hermit crab conveys her love of nature and the majesticness of all god's creatures.
A Few More Poems with Imagery
The following list of poems will help you as you teach imagery in poetry:
- "The Love Song of J. Alfred Proofrock" by T.S. Eliot
- "To a Mouse" by Robert Burns
- "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" by Robert Frost
- Anything by Keats, Shelley, Byron, Blake, or Wordsworth
- Anything by Frost
- "The Red Wheelbarrow" by William Carlos Williams
- "In a Station of the Metro" by Ezra Pound
Teaching Literary Elements with Poems
Understanding literary elements is necessary for literary analysis. These poems will help you teach literary elements.
- Poems for Teaching Imagery
- Poems for Teaching Metaphors
- Poems for Teaching Personification
- Poems for Teaching Onomatopoeia
- Poems for Teaching Sound Devices
- Poems for Teaching Meter
- Poems for Teaching Alliteration