Frankenstein Lesson Plans

All of the following lesson plans make a great pre-writing exercise for a Frankenstein literary analysis.

Frankenstein Lesson Plan #1

Frankenstein is a great novel for teaching irony.

  1. Explain the three primary types of literary irony: verbal, dramatic, and situational.
  2. Instruct students to create a 4-column chart.
  3. In the left-hand column, students should write an example from the novel that demonstrates irony.
  4. In the second column, students should write “dramatic,” “situational,” or “verbal.”
  5. In the third column, students should explain the irony
  6. In the fourth column , students should analyze and explain how the example contributes to the overall meaning of the novel.

Frankenstein Lesson Example

Example of Irony

Victor Frankenstein works several years, day and night, to create life from dead body parts.  When he finally succeeds he runs away in horror.

Type of Irony



Most people celebrate after achieving their goals.


This incident gives insight into just how crazy Victor Frankenstein is.  It also begins a miserable, lonely life for his creation.

Frankenstein Lesson Plan #2

There are many allusions in Frankenstein.  The following chart will help you teach allusions in Frankenstein.

  1. Instruct students to create a 3-column chart.
  2. In the left column, students will write a specific allusion in the novel.
  3. In the middle column, students will explain the allusion.
  4. In the right column, students will analyze the allusion and explain its significance to the novel.

Allusion Lesson Example


The monster compares himself to Adam, except he has no Eve.

Explanation of Allusion

According to the Old Testament of the Bible, Adam was the first of his race.  The monster was the first of his race.


The monster’s allusion to Adam establishes his utter loneliness and foreshadows his eventual request for an “Eve.”

Frankenstein Lesson Plan #3

You’ve probably discovered I’m a big fan of charts.  This chart deals with suspense.

  1. Discuss how writers create suspense: (1) foreshadowing; (2) pacing; (3) dangerous action
  2. Create a two-column chart.
  3. In the left column write an example of how Shelley creates suspense.  In the right column, label it as pacing, dangerous action, or foreshadowing.

Fun Frankenstein Lesson Plan

School shouldn’t be all drudgery.  This makes a good group activity.

  1. Gather a supply of multi-colored construction paper, some glue, and some scissors.
  2. Give each group of students 3 pieces of construction paper.  These are the dead body parts.
  3. Allow 20-30 minutes for each group to construct their own monster.
  4. Instruct each group to create a poem and/or a letter addressing Victor Frankenstein.
  5. Share the poems and letters with the class.
  6. Put the monsters on the bulletin board.

ELA Common Core Standards Covered

Reading Frankenstein and implementing these lesson plans will help you cover the following ELA common core standards for reading and writing.  These standards are for your administrator to see, not your students.  Kids need student-friendly worded objectives.

  1. RL.9-10.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
  2. RL.9-10.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
  3. RL.9-10.3 Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.
  4. RL.9-10.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone)
  5. RL.9-10.5 Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise.
  6. W.9-10.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
  7. L.9-10.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
  8. SL.9-10.2 Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source.
  9. W.9-10.3d Use precise words and phrases, telling details, and sensory language to convey a vivid picture of the experiences, events, setting, and/or characters.
  10. W.9-10.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Frankenstein Study Guide

Everything you need to know about Frankenstein by Mary Shelley can be accessed by the following links.

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